Brain Injury – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment
What Constitutes A Brain Injury?
A traumatic brain injury occurs when a mechanical blow or damage is caused externally to the head or near the brain. Brain is a vital organ that keeps all the functions working to their best and any damage rendered to it can cause serious problems to normal bodily functions ranging from average to severe sometimes even leading it to death. There are some situations that are very threatening to the brain and may cause severe damage for example falls that might result from slipping in the bath room or on the stairs, vehicle related collision violence, sports injuries, explosive blasts and combat injuries. Injuries or accidents caused during such situations are never to be taken seriously as they can cause more trouble than they seem to bring.
Risk Factors Involved
There is slim to high level risk involved with a brain injury that can render a patient invalid or even lead to internal bleeding and death at times. Patients with a high risk profile include children especially with 4 years age or less. In facts are highly prone to brain injuries even with a small head jerk or damage that becomes difficult to analyze as they are not able to communicate. Also young adults aged between 15 – 24 are prone to severe brain injuries partly due to being highly active in this age period. The third most risked aged group includes old people that are 75 years or older. There are higher chances of them suffering from a brain damage.
Complications, Tests And Diagnosis
The complications involved with a brain injury can be anything ranging from coma, vegetative state, minimally conscious state, locked in syndrome, seizures, Fluid Buildup, Infections, blood vessel damage, nerve damage, cognitive problems, communicational problems, behavioral changes, emotional changes, sensory problems, degenerative brain disease and cases etc. These complications are severe and cannot let you live a normal life. There are certain tests that you can get done while you are diagnosing a brain damage. These tests are vital for further treatment procedures and analysis of damage. CT or computerized Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging are available at all leading medical health centers.
The treatment of brain injury depends on the degree and severity of it. For mild and simple injuries the best advice to the patient is proper rest and care. A good sound sleep sometimes does wonders to the patient however if problems still persist it is better to take a second advanced advice. On the other hand, if the patient is badly injured in an accident or an event of more serious severity then the patient needs immediate attention and medical care of the highest level of degree because it takes less than a few minutes for the patient at times to get into coma in the internal bleeding is uncontrollable. That could be followed by a major operational surgery with the help of neurosurgeons and also rehabilitation of the patient for better and speedy recovery. Brain injuries are never to be taken lightly and should be given all the due attention.